Exhibition prepared by the 3rd year students of Vilnius University’s Communication faculty’s Cultural Information and Communication and Heritage Communication specialty

Annotation of exhibition

Weaving is one of the fundamental techniques among Lithuanians folk crafts. White and colorful fabrics have been weaved for ages in Lithuania and have been used for clothes, towels, sheets and tablecloths. Even in a graveyards of second century there have been found some cannabis, linen and woolen fabrics.
It is detected that these fabric where made from local goods – woolen and linen yarn. At the beginning of the first millennium there have been weaved mostly plain (primary) weave fabrics. Twill weaved whitewashed linen where used for a church-day shirts, white aprons; thicker ones where used for work
clothes or bags. Weaving was carried both at home with vertical machines and later on with mechanical machines as a result of rising textile industry. Lithuanian folk clothes is one the best examples of this technique: women of all ages used to decorate their outfits with weaved elements both for everyday an occasion wear. There are various different ones, for example: scarves, beautiful bands, aprons and skirts..
In Lithuanian culture weaving is a tradition. Little girls in every family where thought of various weaving techniques and practiced their skills while plowing. It all was important for them to have a good assets while getting married. There was no surprise that girls were seeking for unique and interesting patterns. Mostly Lithuanian folk patterns are geometric but some floral patterns appear quite often as well. All in all patterns are not overloaded with details, have clear rhythm,  wide variety of techniques and are very well put together. Depending on the type of weaving there are four different categories: serviettes,
dials, pincers and diminutives. The aprons and bands are the main pieces shown in this exhibition, so it is important to bring some
attention to it.
Apron is one of the oldest women clothing piece. It was considered indecent to be without one. In all Lithuania regions all aprons tend to be tartan and stripy pattern, weaved mostly from linen threads. The church-day apron was usually white and cotton. The bottom of aprons where also sometime decorated
with tassels.

Bands are also a very common attribute of both women and men clothing and where worn as a hair accessory or on a waist as a belt for wide shirts and dresses. Widely used colors where: green, red, purple and yellow. The width of the band as well as the color combination is different in every region and identifies the worldview of the people living there.